TAG Videos | Vernacular to Contemporary | PDEC | An ‘Adaptation’ – Part I


Video Source | The ꓥrchitecture Gazette 

Music Source | “Virtutes Instrumenti” Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com) Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0 License https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

References | Video and Article

1) A&D, ADEME, INDé (Mohan S.), Palacios D. archidev.org | Case Study II: The Torrent Research Centre in Ahmedabad, by Abhikram. Architecture & Developpement. https://bit.ly/2CD1YzD.

2) Zaveri P, Patel N. Abhikram | Projects | Torrent Research Centre, Ahmedabad. https://bit.ly/2CHrlQL.


Vernacular to Contemporary | PDEC | An ‘Adaptation’ – Part II

Last week in Part I, we introduced a Vernacular to Contemporary Adaptation – PDEC – Passive Downdraft Evaporative Cooling. A Vernacular ventilation strategy – Wind Catchers, which is being adapted to Contemporary buildings. We also looked at diagrams explaining the 3 main principles in this Adaptation.

 

This week we look at Pros and Cons of this technology for Contemporary use.

Pros

1) Energy Saving

a) Decrease cooling demand

Temperature Drops of upto 13oC can be achieved1. When the outdoors sizzle at close to 44oC, the indoors are at around 30oC.

Night Ventilation using PDEC towers decreases cooling demand and operating time of the primary cooling system the following day3.

b) Less Fluctuations

Indoor Temperature fluctuations of around 3-4oC can be seen over 24 hours, when the outside Temperature fluctuations are between 14-17oC1.

 

2) Cost/ Applicability

a) Short Payback Period

Electrical Consumption savings helped achieve payback of additional capital cost in less than 1 year for the Torrent Research Centre, Ahmedabad.1

b) Can be used in new / existing buildings with simple construction elements at relatively low cost.

 

3) Location

a) Applicable in areas without wind

As Air movement is created by momentum transfer from water to air and density difference; the technology can be applicable in areas without wind 4, 5.

 

4) Cleaner Air

a) Evaporative Cooling

The air is cleaned during the evaporative cooling process 6.


 

Cons –

1) Capacity

The cooling capacity maybe insufficient in certain cases, and could need conventional cooling as well 4.

 

2) Cost/ Applicability

a) High Water Consumption 6.

b) Short life of Water Pads

 

3) Climate Dependency

a) Works best in Hot & Dry Conditions

The technology maybe most effective in hot and dry conditions. However, buildings can be designed to adapt to other conditions and seasons. For example, in the Torrent Research Centre, the system operates normally in the dry season. In the monsoons, the water spray is not used, whereas in Winters, the openings to the rooms and shafts can be controlled (opened or closed) by the occupants 1, 4, 6.

 


sum up


 

How do You feel about this Vernacular ‘Adaptation’ for Contemporary Buildings?

Have you come across other such Adaptations?

What are your thoughts on the Practicality of this Technology? Let us know!


 

Video Source: 

The rchitecture Gazette

Music Source:

“Virtutes Instrumenti” Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com)
Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0 License
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

References:

  1. A&D, ADEME, INDé (Mohan S.), Palacios D. archidev.org | Case Study II: The Torrent Research Centre in Ahmedabad, by Abhikram. Architecture & Developpement. https://bit.ly/2CD1YzD.
  2. Zaveri P, Patel N. Abhikram | Projects | Torrent Research Centre, Ahmedabad. https://bit.ly/2CHrlQL.
  3. Paanchal JB, Mehta N. “A Review on Design of Passive Down Draft Evaporative Cooling in Commercial building.” 2017;3(2). https://bit.ly/2B33ZoS.
  4. Bowman, N. T., Eppel, H., Lomas, K. J., Robinson, D., and Cook, M. J. “Passive Downdraught Evaporative Cooling I. Concept and Precedents.” Indoor + built environment 9.5 (2000):284-290.
  5. Etzion, Y., Pearlmutter, D., Erell, E., and Meir, I. A. “Adaptive architecture: Integrating low-energy technologies for climate control in the desert.” Automation in construction 6.5 (1997):417-425.Ford, B. “Passive downdraught evaporative cooling: principles and practice.” Environmental Design. Architectural Research Quarterly 5, Cambridge University Press (2001) : 271-280.
  6. Givoni, B. “Performance of the Shower Cooling Tower in Different Climates.” Renewable Energy, 10, 2/3 (1997):173-178.

Vernacular to Contemporary | PDEC | An ‘Adaptation’ – Part I

Wind Catchers, traditionally known as Badgirs or Malqafs are Natural Ventilation devices. They have successfully been used in countries like Iran, Egypt, Pakistan, Afghanistan for many years.

This Vernacular Method is being ‘Adapted’ and utilized in various Contemporary Buildings. One such adaptation is the Strategy known as PDEC or ‘Passive Downdraft Evaporative Cooling’.

We use diagrams of the Torrent Research Centre, Ahmedabad; to discuss this technique.

3 main Principles are at play-

  1. Evaporative Cooling – Water Sprays Cool the Warm Air Entering the tower
  2. Cool Air Sinks – This Moisture Induced Air is Heavier and thus Sinks
  3. Warm Air Rises – Warm Air in the rooms is Lighter and Rises

This sets up a Loop of Air.

The Project achieves a temperature drop of upto 13oC. When the outdoors sizzle at close to 44oC, the indoors are at around 30oC1. The Building incurred Additional Civil Costs of 13% for its Strategies. However, Energy savings helped payback the investment in less than 1 year2!


 

How do You feel about this Vernacular ‘Adaptation’ for Contemporary Buildings? Have you come across other such Projects?

What are your thoughts on the Practicality of this Technology? Let us know!

Look out next week, for the Pros | Cons of this Strategy in – Vernacular to Contemporary | PDEC | An ‘Adaptation’ – Part II


 

Video Source: 

The rchitecture Gazette

Music Source:

“Virtutes Instrumenti” Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com)
Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0 License
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

References:

  1. A&D, ADEME, INDé (Mohan S.), Palacios D. archidev.org | Case Study II: The Torrent Research Centre in Ahmedabad, by Abhikram. Architecture & Developpement. https://bit.ly/2CD1YzD.
  2. Zaveri P, Patel N. Abhikram | Projects | Torrent Research Centre, Ahmedabad. https://bit.ly/2CHrlQL.